APRIL 2011/OCTOBER 2012
“Not to oppose error is to approve it, and not to defend the truth is to suppress it” – Pope St. Felix III
Note: In this report I may occasionally use bold print, Italics, or word underlining for emphasis. This will be my personal emphasis and not that of the source that I am quoting.
Ron, I have come across a quote but not sure where it came from: “He who stands for Communion will kneel for (or before) the anti Christ.” It’s a little scary. Any idea? Judith
First, I assure you that this quotation holds no truth to it so its source is not Holy Church! An educated guess is that your quotation probably comes from an alleged visionary as a false message or from one of the ‘radical’ Catholic groups who insist that everything out of Vatican II is evil. In any event the quotation needs to be discerned. It cannot be compared against scripture, as there is no specific scripture concerning posture for Holy Communion. It cannot be compared against Church doctrine as again, it does not exist. Our posture for receiving Holy Communion is a matter of Church discipline or law, to which we will compare the quote.
Doctrine: Our Lord gave the first pope, Peter, and subsequent popes the authority to make laws and rules (discipline) to govern Holy Church. “And I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven. And whatsoever thou shalt bind upon earth, it shall be bound also in heaven; and whatsoever thou shall loose on earth, it shall be loosed also in heaven.”1
Dogma: “Finally, the Council of Florence defined: The Roman Pontiff stands as the true Vicar of Christ, the head of the whole Church and the father and teacher of all Christians; to him has been given, in Blessed Peter, by Our Lord Jesus Christ, the full power of shepherding, ruling and governing the universal Church.”2 Doctrine: “For the Holy Spirit promised to the successors of Peter, not that they would unfold new doctrine which He revealed to them, but that, with His assistance, they would piously guard and faithfully expound the revelation or deposit of faith handed on through the Apostles.”3
Doctrine: In response to a question to the Expert’s Forum at Eternal Word Television Network regarding the pope’s authority to change law they said: ‘As supreme legislator he (the pope) has the authority to change law that previous popes have promulgated’.”4
Law & Doctrine: “The bishop of the Church of Rome, in whom resides the office given in a special way by the Lord to Peter, first of the Apostles and to be transmitted to his successors, is head of the college of bishops, the Vicar of Christ and Pastor of the universal Church on earth; therefore, in virtue of his office he enjoys supreme, full, immediate and universal ordinary power in the Church, which he can always freely exercise.”5
Law: “The faithful should receive Communion kneeling or standing, as the conference of Bishops will have determined.”6
Law: “In distributing Holy Communion it is to be remembered that sacred ministers may not deny the sacraments to those who seek them in a reasonable manner, are rightly disposed, and are not prohibited by law from receiving them. Therefore, it is not licit to deny Holy Communion to any of Christ’s faithful solely on the grounds, for example, that the person who wishes to receive the Eucharist kneeling or standing.”7
So, the doctrinal teaching of Holy Church which all Catholics are obligated to believe and Church law, which they are all obligated to obey permits the reception of Holy Communion in either the standing or kneeling posture. Statements to the contrary need not be given serious consideration or followed!
This report prepared on January 13, 2008 by Ronald Smith, 11701 Maplewood Road, Chardon, Ohio 44024-8482, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Readers may copy and distribute this report as desired to anyone as long as the content is not altered and it is copied in its entirety. In this little ministry I do free Catholic and occult related research and answer your questions. Questions are answered in this format with detailed footnotes on all quotes. If you would like to be on my list to get a copy of all Q&A’s I do, please send me a note. If you have a question(s), please submit it to this land mail or e-mail address. Answers are usually forthcoming within one week. If you find error(s) in my report(s), please notify me immediately!
+ Let us recover by penance what we have lost by sin +
Removal of Altar Rails http://www.zenit.org/article-12137?l=english ROME, February 1, 2005 (Zenit.org) Answered by Father Edward McNamara, professor of liturgy at the Regina Apostolorum Pontifical University. Q: A statement, on behalf of our parish priest, supporting the removal of the altar rails, states that “removal of the altar rails is consistent with the changes of the Vatican Council’s 1963 Constitution of the Liturgy. To the writer’s knowledge, altar rails no longer separate the congregation and the celebration of the Mass in churches throughout Sydney. … (R)emoval of altar rails was undertaken ‘to make the layout more suitable for the modern liturgy and particularly the involvement of school children coming onto the altar (sanctuary) at several times during various liturgies (to perform liturgical dance*) and due to concerns raised by the Principal of the school about safety issues arising from the restrictions imposed by the altar rail during children’s liturgies.'” Is this statement correct? — S.R., Bondi Beach, Australia *See separate article: DANCING AND BHARATANATYAM IN THE MASS A: The decision in whether to remove altar rails falls basically upon the pastor although, as with any major renovation, it should be done in consultation with the local bishop and often requires his explicit approval. Before the liturgical reform the Communion rail, or balustrade, was required in most churches. It served both to set off the sanctuary from the rest of the church and to facilitate the administration of Communion, which generally was received kneeling, while the priest moved from one communicant to the next. Since after the reform, Communion is frequently received standing and in processional form, the people approaching the priest while he remains in one spot. Hence, the Communion rail has often lost one of its principal functions. Likewise, where Communion is often distributed under both species and by more than one minister the rail can sometimes be an obstacle. In this sense your parish priest’s comment that the removal of the rail is consistent with the liturgical changes is broadly correct. Yet, no document explicitly mandates or even suggests that the removal of altar rails is required by the liturgical reform. Most recent official guidelines regarding the sanctuary, while maintaining the distinction between sanctuary and the rest of the church, no longer mention the Communion rail. For example, the recent guidelines for church buildings published by the U.S. bishops’ conference, “Built of Living Stones,” recommends the following regarding the sanctuary in No. 54: “The sanctuary is the space where the altar and the ambo stand, and ‘where the priest, deacon and other ministers exercise their offices.’ The special character of the sanctuary is emphasized and enhanced by the distinctiveness of its design and furnishings, or by its elevation. The challenge to those responsible for its design is to convey the unique quality of the actions that take place in this area while at the same time expressing the organic relationship between those actions and the prayer and actions of the entire liturgical assembly. The sanctuary must be spacious enough to accommodate the full celebration of the various rituals of word and Eucharist with their accompanying movement, as well as those of the other sacraments celebrated there.” That said, the above guidelines, and documents on the preservation of sacred art published by the Holy See, do suggest that great care must be taken before altering churches of certain historical value or even particular elements of a church that may have particular artistic merit. Even churches that are not, strictly speaking, “historical,” sometimes have altar rails and other elements that are fine examples of the artistry, such as stone carving and metalwork, of earlier epochs. If no other use can be found for them within a renovated church it is often better to do whatever is possible to preserve them. The other reasons offered for the removal of the altar rails are really not pertinent. The fact that no other church in the city has altar rails makes no difference if there were a good reason for preserving them in this particular church, or even if there were no good reason for removing them. Even less weighty is the third reason that was cited. The children’s activities that are described have no place in the sanctuary in the first place, at least not during the celebration of the liturgy. The sanctuary should not be confused with a stage and should not be used as such. It is, as stated in the above-mentioned document, which itself quotes the General Instruction of the Roman Missal, “the space where the altar and the ambo stand, and ‘where the priest, deacon and other ministers exercise their offices.'”
More on the Removal of Altar Rails http://www.zenit.org/article-12262?l=english ROME, February 15, 2005 (Zenit.org) Answered by Father Edward McNamara, professor of liturgy at the Regina Apostolorum Pontifical University.
Pursuant to our reflections on the removal of altar rails (February 1) some readers asked for more information about the changes made on the reception of Communion. Specifically, they asked about the change regarding kneeling and standing, and when Communion in the hand was allowed. Regarding the first point, there is a distinction to be made: One thing is the mode of approaching the sanctuary in procession, another is the mode of receiving Communion.
STANDING OR KNEELING TO RECEIVE HOLY COMMUNION, AND ALTAR RAILS
READ THE COMPLETE ARTICLE BY MR.MICHAEL PRABHU
St.Michaels Church Mahim refuses Communion to a Kneeler Has Jesus Christ been insulted?